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On the Schrödinger-Poisson system with a general indefinite nonlinearity (with L. Huang, J. Chen), Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications 28(2016), 1–19.


ABSTRACT: We study the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions of a class of Schrödinger-Poisson systems of the form

    \[\left\{      \begin{array}{ll}        -\Delta u+u+l(x)\phi u = k(x)g(u) +\mu h(x)u  \quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,\\ -\Delta \phi = l(x)u^2\quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,      \end{array}\right.\]

where k\in C(\bkR^3) changes sign in \bkR^3, \lim_{|x|\rightarrow \infty} k(x)=k_\infty < 0, and the nonlinearity g behaves like a power at zero and at infinity. We mainly prove the existence of at least two positive solutions in the case that \mu > \mu_1 and near \mu_1, where \mu_1 is the first eigenvalue of -\Delta+id in H^1(\bkR^3) with weight function h, whose corresponding positive eigenfunction is denoted by e_1. An interesting phenomenon here is that we do not need the condition

    \[\int_{\mathbb{R}^3} k(x) e_1^p dx <  0,\]

which has been shown to be a sufficient condition to the existence of positive solutions for semilinear elliptic equations with indefinite nonlinearity (see e.g. D.G. Costa, H. Tehrani, Existence of positive solutions for a class of indefinite elliptic problems in \bkR^N, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations 13(2001) 159–189.)


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.nonrwa.2015.09.001)
Extra info: (P084/2016-04)

REF. DATE: 29 September 2015 CREATED/MODIFIED: 18 January 2016 VIEW POST 20 views No Comment

Sign changing solutions of a semilinear equation on Heisenberg group, (with J. Chen) accepted in J. Non. and Convex Anal. (2015).


ABSTRACT: This paper is concerned with the existence of multiple solutions to the semilinear equation

    \[\Delta_H\, u + |u|^{\frac{4}{Q-2}}u+\mu|\xi|^\alpha_H u=0\]

in a bounded domain of the Heisenberg group \mathbb{H}^N with Dirichlet boundary condition, where \alpha > 0 and |\xi|_H is a distance in \mathbb{H}^N. By using variational methods, we prove that this problem possesses at least one positive solution and one sign changing solution for some values of \alpha and \mu.


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Extra info: (P090/2015-06)

REF. DATE: 18 June 2015 CREATED/MODIFIED: 18 January 2016 VIEW POST 31 views No Comment

A reproducing kernel Hilbert discretization method for linear PDEs with nonlinear right-hand side, Lib. Math. 34:2(2014), 91-104.


ABSTRACT: In this paper, the main problem of study concerns to find a suitable discretization method to (numerically represent) the solution u\in\mathcal{H}, in a Hilbert space, of the general equation

(1)   \begin{equation*}  L[u(x)]=f(x,u(x)),\quad x\in\Omega\subset\bkR^N, \end{equation*}

satisfying a given boundary condition (e.g. Dirichlet), where L is a linear differential (or integral) operator and f is a nonlinear function with enough regularity. The method Aveiro Discretization Method in Mathematics (ADMM), introduced by Saitoh et al. (2014; doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-1106-6 3), can deal with problem (1) when f is a function that do not depends on u. In fact, ADMM is a general method for solving by discretization, in a specific optimal sense and when a priori some data may be missing, a wide class of linear mathematical problems by using some key ideas of reproducing kernels and Tikhonov regularization theory. Here, we aim to extend the ADMM method to a more general situation where the nonlinearity may depend on u. Then, we apply the scheme to find the (optimal) discretization solution of the problem

    \[\vartheta\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial y^2}+\alpha \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}+\gamma u= u^3,\quad \mbox{ on } \bkR^2,\]

for arbitrary coefficient functions \vartheta, \alpha, \gamma.


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.14510/lm-ns.v34i2.1306)
Extra info: (P105/2014)

REF. DATE: 18 November 2014 CREATED/MODIFIED: 18 January 2016 VIEW POST 13 views No Comment

Two positive solutions of a class of Schrödinger–Poisson system with indefinite nonlinearity (with L. Huang, J. Chen), J. Differential Equations 255(2013), 2463–2483.


ABSTRACT: We study the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions of a class of Schrödinger-Poisson systems of the form

    \[\left\{      \begin{array}{ll}        -\Delta u+u+l(x)\phi u = k(x)g(u) +\mu h(x)u  \quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,\\ -\Delta \phi = l(x)u^2\quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,      \end{array}\right.\]

where k\in C(\bkR^3) changes sign in \bkR^3, \lim_{|x|\rightarrow \infty} k(x)=k_\infty < 0, and the nonlinearity g behaves like a power at zero and at infinity. We mainly prove the existence of at least two positive solutions in the case that \mu > \mu_1 and near \mu_1, where \mu_1 is the first eigenvalue of -\Delta+id in H^1(\bkR^3) with weight function h, whose corresponding positive eigenfunction is denoted by e_1. An interesting phenomenon here is that we do not need the condition \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} k(x) e_1^p dx <  0, which has been shown to be a sufficient condition to the existence of positive solutions for semilinear elliptic equations with indefinite nonlinearity (see e.g. S. Alama, G. Tarantello, On semilinear elliptic equations with indefinite nonlinearities, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations 1 (1993) 439–475).


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.jde.2013.06.022)
Extra info: (P083/2013-10)

REF. DATE: 18 October 2013 CREATED/MODIFIED: 18 January 2016 VIEW POST 16 views No Comment

Positive and sign-changing solutions of a Schrödinger-Poisson system involving a critical nonlinearity (with L. Huang, J. Chen), J. Math. Anal. Appl. 408:1(2013), 55–69.


ABSTRACT: We consider the Schrödinger-Poisson system

    \[\left\{\begin{array}{ll}        -\Delta u +u +l(x)\phi u = k(x)|u|^4u +\mu h(x)u  \quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,\\ -\Delta \phi = l(x)u^2\quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3, \end{array}\right.\]

where \mu is a positive constant and the nonlinear growth of |u|^4u reaches the Sobolev critical exponent, since 2^*=6 for three spatial dimensions. We prove the existence of (at least) a pair of fixed sign and a pair of sign-changing solutions in H^1({\bkR}^3)\times D^{1, 2}({\bkR}^3) under some suitable conditions on the non-negative functions l, k, h, but not requiring any symmetry property on them.


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.jmaa.2013.05.071)
Extra info: (P082/2013-06-04)

REF. DATE: 4 June 2013 CREATED/MODIFIED: 15 January 2016 VIEW POST 225 views No Comment

A positive solution of a Schrödinger-Poisson system with critical exponent (with L. Huang), Commun. Math. Anal. 15:1(2013), 29-43.


ABSTRACT: We use variational methods to study the existence of at least one positive solution of the following Schrödinger-Poisson system

    \[\left\{\begin{array}{ll}        -\Delta u +u +l(x)\phi u = k(x)|u|^{{2^*}-2}u +\mu h(x)|u|^{q-2}u  \quad & \ \hbox{in}\ {\bkR}^3,\\ -\Delta \phi = l(x)u^2\quad & \ \hbox{in} \ {\bkR}^3,      \end{array}\right.\]

under some suitable conditions on the non-negative functions l, k, h and constant \mu > 0, where 2\leq q < 2^* (critical Sobolev exponent). Note that the nonlinearity involves a critical exponent, the Sobolev embedding H^1(\bkR^3)\hookrightarrow L^s(\bkR^3) (2\leq s\leq 6) is not compact. This will create additional difficulies in the proof of the Palais-Smale condition. We will transform the problem into a nonlocal elliptic equation in \mathbb{R}^3, where we also consider the limiting case q=2.


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Extra info:> (P081/2013)

REF. DATE: 5 April 2013 CREATED/MODIFIED: 15 January 2016 VIEW POST 197 views No Comment

Existence of solutions of sub-elliptic equations on the Heisenberg group with critical growth and singularity (with J. Chen), Opuscula Math. 33:2(2013), 237-254.


ABSTRACT: We consider a class of sub-elliptic equations on the Heisenberg group \mathbb{H}^N with a Hardy type singularity and a critical nonlinear growth

    \[-\Delta_{H,p} u -\lambda\frac{|z|^p}{\rho^{2p}}|u|^{p-2}u = \frac{|z|^s}{\rho^{2s}}|u|^{p_\ast(s)-2}u\quad\mbox{ in }\mathbb{H}^N\backslash\{0\},\]

where \Delta_{H,p} is the p-sub-Laplacian with respect to a fixed bases for the corresponding Lie algebra of the Heisenberg group, (z,t)=(x,y,t)\in\mathbb{H}^N, \rho(\xi) is the distance of \xi\in\mathbb{H}^N to the origin given by the homogeneous distance

    \[d(\xi,\xi')=\left((|x-x'|^2+|y-y'|^2)^2+(t-t'-2(x,y')_{\mathbb{R}}-2(x',y)_{\mathbb{R}})^2\right)^{\frac{1}{4}},\]

Q=2N+2 is the homogeneous dimension, \mathcal{D}^{1,p}_0\left(\mathbb{H}^N\right) denotes the closure of C^\infty_0\left(\mathbb{H}^N\right) under the norm \|u\|=(\int_{\mathbb{H}^N}|\nabla_H u|^p\,d\xi)^{\frac{1}{p}} and p_\ast(s)=p(Q-s)(Q-p)^{-1} the critical exponent of embedding

    \[\mathcal{D}^{1,p}_0\left(\mathbb{H}^N\right) \hookrightarrow L^{p_\ast(s)}\left(\mathbb{H}^N\right, \frac{|z|^s}{\rho^{2s}}d\xi).\]

We prove the existence of energy solutions by developing new techniques based on the Nehari constraint. This result extends previous works, e.g., by Han et al. [Hardy-Sobolev type inequalities on the H-type group, Manuscripta Math. 118 (2005), 235–252].


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.7494/OpMath.2013.33.2.237)
Extra info: (P080/2013) (free/open access)

REF. DATE: 12 February 2013 CREATED/MODIFIED: 15 January 2016 VIEW POST 247 views No Comment

Four solutions of an elliptic problem with double singularity (with J. Chen, K. Murillo) Lib. Math. 32:2(2012), 169-192.


ABSTRACT: We consider the existence of nontrivial solutions u\in H_0^1(\Omega) of a Dirichlet problem with equation

    \[-\Delta u -\frac{\mu}{|x|^2}u = \lambda f(x)|u|^{q-2}u + \frac{|u|^{\frac{4-2s}{N-2}}u}{|x|^s},\quad x\in\Omega\backslash\{0\},\]

where 0\in\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N is a bounded domain with smooth boundary, f:\Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R} is a real continuous and positive function, 0\leq s<2, 0\leq \mu < \bar{\mu} -4 (necessarily N> 6), and \frac{N+\sqrt{{\bar{\mu}-\mu}}}{\sqrt{\bar{\mu}} + \sqrt{\bar{\mu}-\mu}} < q < 2, with \bar{\mu} = (N-2)^2/4. Note that \frac{4-2s}{N-2} is the critical Sobolev-Hardy exponent minus 2. By variational methods we show that there are (at least) two positive solutions and (at least) one pair of sign-changing solutions in H_0^1(\Omega) for any \lambda\in (0,\Lambda^*), where \Lambda^* is a positive value suitably defined.


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Extra info: (P066/2012-06-23)

REF. DATE: 9 September 2012 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 370 views No Comment

Multiplicity result for a class of elliptic equations with singular term (with J. Chen, K. Murillo), Nonlinear Analysis TMA 75:15(2012), 5797–5814.


ABSTRACT: We consider the existence of nontrivial solutions of the equation

(1)   \begin{equation*} -\Delta u -{\frac{\lambda }{{|x|^{2}}}}u= |u|^{2^{\ast}-2}u + \mu|x|^{\alpha-2}u + f(x)|u|^{\gamma},\quad x\in \Omega\backslash\{0\},\:\:\: u\in H^1_0(\Omega), \end{equation*}

where 0\in\Omega is a smooth bounded domain in \mathbb{R}^N (N\geq 3). By variational methods and Nehari set techniques, we show that this problem, under some additional hypotheses on \lambda>0, \mu>0, \alpha>0, 0\leq \gamma<1 and f\in L^\infty(\Omega), has four nontrivial solutions in H^1_0(\Omega), and that least one of them is sign-changing. Classes of elliptic equations which include (1) have a lost of compactness phenomena, since the nonlinearity has a critical growth imposed by the critical exponent 2^{\ast } of the Sobolev embedding H^1_0(\Omega) into L^{2^{\ast }}(\Omega). This means that we could not use standard variational methods. On the other hand, due to the presence of the singular term \frac{\lambda }{{|x|^{2}}}, the problem has a strong singularity at 0\in \Omega.


Download: Preprint version (RIA |  download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.na.2012.05.023)
Extra info: (P102/2012-06-23)

REF. DATE: 1 September 2012 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 194 views No Comment

The origin of the LCST on the liquid−liquid equilibrium of thiophene with ionic liquids (with M.L.S. Batista, L.I.N. Tomé, C.M.S.S. Neves,
J.R.B. Gomes, J.A.P. Coutinho), J. Phys. Chem. B, 116:20(2012), 5985–5992.


ABSTRACT: normal.img-000Mixtures of thiophene with two ionic liquids, namely, [C_4C_1im][SCN] and [C_4C_1im][NTf_2] were chosen as prototypes of systems presenting lower critical solution temperature (LCST) and upper critical solution temperature (UCST) behavior, respectively. This distinct behavior is due to different interactions between the constituting species which are investigated here by means of experimental and computational studies. Experimentally, density measurements were conducted to assess the excess molar volumes and ^{1}H and ^{13}C NMR spectroscopies were used to obtain the corresponding nuclear chemical shifts with respect to those measured for the pure ionic liquids. Computationally, molecular dynamics simulations were performed to analyze the radial distribution neighborhoods of each species. Negative values of excess molar volumes and strong positive chemical shift deviations for [C_4C_1im][SCN] systems, along with results obtained from MD simulations, allowed the identification of specific interactions between [SCN]^- anion and the molecular solvent (thiophene), which are not observed for [NTf_2]^-. It is suggested that these specific [SCN]^--thiophene interactions are responsible for the LCST behavior observed for mixtures of thiophene with ionic liquids.


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Extra info: (P101/2012-05-02)

REF. DATE: 2 May 2012 CREATED/MODIFIED: 15 January 2016 VIEW POST 33 views No Comment

Existence of three nontrivial solutions for asymptotically p-linear noncoercive p-Laplacian equations (with N.S. Papageorgiou), Nonlinear Analysis TMA 74:16(2011), 5314–5326.
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REF. DATE: 9 September 2011 CREATED/MODIFIED: 21 February 2012 VIEW POST 266 views No Comment

Existence of stable standing waves and instability of standing waves to a class of quasilinear Schrödinger equations with potential (with J. Chen), Dynamics of PDEs 8:2(2011), 89-112.


ABSTRACT: We consider the following quasilinear Schrödinger equation with harmonic potential

(1)   \begin{equation*} i\varphi_t = -\triangle\varphi + |x|^2\varphi -|\varphi|^{p-1}\varphi - 2(\triangle|\varphi|^2)\varphi,\quad t\geq 0,\ x\in \mathbb{R}^N, \end{equation*}

where i^2 = 1, \varphi\equiv\varphi(t,x):\ \mathbb{R}_+\times\mathbb{R}^N\to \mathbb{C} is a complex-valued function and \triangle=\sum_{j=1}^N{{\partial^2}\over{\partial x_j^2}} is the standard Laplacian operator. We are concerned with stability and instability of standing wave solutions for (1). We will prove the existence of stable standing waves for 1 < p < 3 + {4\over N} and the existence of unstable standing waves for 3 + {4\over N}\leq p < 2\cdot 2^\ast - 1 (here and after, 2^\ast denotes the critical exponent, i.e. 2^\ast = {{2N}\over{N-2}} for N \geq 3 and 2^\ast = +\infty for N =1,\ 2). Our result indicates that the quasilinear term (\triangle|\varphi|^2)\varphi makes the standing wave more stable than their counterpart in the semilinear case, which is consistent with the physical phenomena and is in striking contrast with the classical semilinear Schrödinger equation.


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Extra info: (P071) (free/open access)

REF. DATE: 9 February 2011 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 385 views No Comment

Sharp constant for a 2D anisotropic Sobolev inequality with critical nonlinearity (with J. Chen), Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 367:2(2010), 685-692.


ASBTRACT: For the 2-dimensional anisotropic Sobolev inequality of the form

    \[\int_{\bkR^2} |u|^6dxdy \leq \alpha \bigg(\int_{\bkR^2} u_x^2dxdy\bigg)^2\int_{\mathbb{R}^2} |D_x^{-1}u_y|^2dxdy,\]

where D_x^{-1} is defined as

    \[D_x^{-1}h(x,y) = \int_{-\infty}^xh(s,y)ds,\]

it is proved that the sharp (smallest) positive constant \alpha is exactly given by 3(\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}\phi_x^2dxdy)^{-2}, where \phi is a minimal action solution of the equation

    \[(u_{xx} + |u|^4u)_x = D_x^{-1} u_{yy}.\]


Download: Preprint version (RIA | download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.jmaa.2010.02.020)
Extra info: (P073/2010-07-15)

REF. DATE: 15 July 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 375 views No Comment

On the existence of three nontrivial smooth solutions for nonlinear elliptic equations (with N.S. Papageorgiou, V. Staicu), pp.21, J. Nonlinear and Convex Analysis 11:1(2010), 115-136.

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REF. DATE: 9 April 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 373 views No Comment

Positive solutions for elliptic problems with critical nonlinearity and combined singularity (with J. Chen), Mathematica Bohemica, 135:4(2010), 413-422.


ABSTRACT: We study the existence of multiple positive weak solutions of the equation

    \[\left\{\begin{array}{rll} -\Delta u - {\lambda\over {|x|^2}}u &= u^{2^\ast-1}  + \mu u^{-q} & \hbox{in}\quad \Omega\backslash\{0\},\\ u(x) > 0 & \hbox{in}\quad \Omega\backslash\{0\},\quad\quad  u(x)= 0 & \hbox{on}\quad \partial\Omega,\end{array}\right.\eqno{(P_{\lambda,\mu})}\]

where 0\in \Omega and \Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N(N\geq 3) is a bounded domain with smooth boundary, 2^{\ast} =2N/(N-2) is the critical Sobolev exponent, 0 < \lambda < \Lambda=(N-2)^2/4 and 0 < q < 1. We use variational methods to prove that for suitable \mu, the problem has at least two positive weak solutions.


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Extra info: (P072) (free/open access)

REF. DATE: 24 March 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 245 views No Comment

The convergence analysis of the decomposition method for the (1+1)-parabolic problem in nonuniform media (with M.M. Rodrigues), Acta Applicanda Mathematicae, 2010, Volume 112(3) 299-308.

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REF. DATE: 23 March 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 238 views No Comment

Twin positive solutions for singular nonlinear elliptic equations (with J. Chen, N.S. Papageorgiou), Topological Methods in Nonlinear Analysis 35:1(2010), 187-201.


ABSTRACT: For a bounded domain \Omega\subseteq\bkR^N with a C^2-boundary, we prove the existence of an ordered pair of smooth positive strong solutions for the nonlinear Dirichlet problem

    \[-\Delta_p\, u(x) = \beta(x)u(x)^{-\eta}+f(x,u(x)) \mbox{ a.e. on } \Omega \quad\mbox{with } u\in W^{1,p}_0(\Omega),\]

which exhibits the combined effects of a singular term (\eta\geq 0) and a (p-1)-linear term f(x,u) near +\infty, by using a combination of variational methods, with upper-lower solutions and with suitable truncation techniques.


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Remark: The paper follows Papageorgiou’s notation
Extra info: (P067/2010-03-01)

REF. DATE: 9 March 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 298 views No Comment

On approximate solutions to the wavefront speed of reaction-diffusion-convection problem in nonuniform media (with M.M. Rodrigues), Asymptotic Analysis 66(2010) 51–59.
(myid-10)

REF. DATE: 1 January 2010 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 339 views No Comment

Four solutions of an inhomogeneous elliptic equation with critical exponent and singular term (with J. Chen), Nonlinear Analysis TMA 71:10(2009), 4739-4750.


ABSTRACT: In this paper, we prove the existence of four nontrivial solutions of

    \[-\Delta u - {\lambda\over {|x|^2}}u = |u|^{2^{\ast}-2}u + \mu|x|^{\alpha-2}u + f(x),\quad\quad x\in \Omega\backslash\{0\},\]

 and show that at least one of them is sign changing. Our results extend some previous works on the literature, as Tarantello(1993), Kang-Deng(2005) and Hirano-Shioji(2007).


Download: Preprint version (RIA download) / Publisher version (doi:10.1016/j.na.2009.03.048)
Extra info: (P057/2009-11-15)

REF. DATE: 15 November 2009 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 263 views No Comment

On nonlinear parametric problems for p-Laplacian-like operators (with N.S. Papageorgiou), Rev. R. Acad. Cien. Serie A. Mat. 103:1(2009), 177–200.
(myid-60)

REF. DATE: 9 September 2009 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 285 views No Comment

Pairs of positive solutions for p-Laplacian equations with sublinear and superlinear nonlinearities which do not satisfy the AR-condition (with N.S. Papageorgiou), Nonlinear Analysis TMA 70(2009), 3854-3863.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2009 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 296 views No Comment

Solving huge size instances of optimal diversity management problem (with A. Agra, D. Cardoso, O. Cerdeira, M. Miranda), J. Mathematical Sciences 161:6(2009), 956-960.


Extra info: (P008)

REF. DATE: 8 September 2009 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 231 views No Comment

A multiplicity theorem for a variable exponent Dirichlet problem (with N.S. Papageorgiou), Glasgow Math. Journal 50(2008), 1-15.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2008 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 231 views No Comment

A multiplicity theorem for hemivariational inequalities with a p-Laplacian-like differential operator (with N.S. Papageorgiou, V. Staicu), Nonlinear Analysis 69(2008), 1150-1163.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2008 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 243 views No Comment

First integrals for problems of the calculus of variations on locally convex spaces (with D. Torres), E. J. Appl. Sci. 10(2008), 207-218.
(myid-9)

REF. DATE: 8 September 2008 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 2,791 views No Comment

Multiplicity theorems for superlinear elliptic problems (with N.S. Papageorgiou, V. Staicu), Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations 33:2(2008), 199-230.


ABSTRACT: Let \Omega\subseteq\bkR^N be a bounded domain with a C^2-boundary \partial \Omega. In this paper we study second order elliptic equations of the form

    \[\left\{ \begin{array}{ll}   -\mbox{div} \left(|Du|^{p-2}Du(x)\right)=f(x,u(x)) & \mbox{ a.e. on }\Omega,\\   \left. u\right|_{\partial \Omega}=0, & 1<p<\infty. \end{array}   \right.\]

driven by the Laplacian and p-Laplacian differential operators and a nonlinearity which is (p-)superlinear (it satisfies the Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition). For the p-Laplacian equations we prove the existence of five nontrivial smooth solutions, namely two positive, two negative and a nodal solution. For the semi linear problems using in addition Morse theory, we obtain six nontrivial solutions. We prove seven such multiplicity results. The first five concern problems driven by the p-Laplacian, while the last two deal with the particular case p=2 (semilinear problems). In all these theorems we also provide precise sign information about the solutions.


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Remark: The paper follows Papageorgiou’s notation
Extra info: (P006/2008-03-08)

REF. DATE: 8 March 2008 CREATED/MODIFIED: 14 January 2016 VIEW POST 208 views No Comment

The speed of reaction-diffusion-convection wavefronts in nonuniform media (with M.M. Rodrigues), American Institute of Physics 936(2007), 666-670.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2007 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 192 views No Comment

Quadratures of Pontryagin extremals for optimal control problems (with D. Torres), Control and Cybernetics 35(2006), 947-963.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2006 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 223 views No Comment

Symbolic computation of variational symmetries in optimal control (with P. Gouveia, D. Torres), Control and Cybernetics 35(2006), 832-849.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2006 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 205 views No Comment

Control-theoretic methods for design of algorithms of digital arithmetic (with A. Sarychev, A. Pereira, R. Rodrigues) J. Math. Sci. 120(2004), 995-1005.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2004 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 192 views No Comment

Existence, uniqueness and differentiability of the solution of a functional equation with general delay (with L.P. Castro), Annals of the Univ. of Cracovia XXIX(2002), 1-9.
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REF. DATE: 8 September 2002 CREATED/MODIFIED: 19 January 2012 VIEW POST 178 views No Comment